Paracetamol relieves pain by reducing the production of prostaglandins in the brain and spinal cord. Prostaglandins sensitise nerve endings, causing pain. By reducing their production paracetamol is thought to increase our pain threshold, so that although the cause of the pain remains, we can feel it less. Paracetamol reduces fever by affecting an area of the brain that regulates our body temperature (the hypothalamic heat-regulating center). Paracetamol is about as effective as aspirin or ibuprofen at relieving mild to moderate pain and fever, but unlike these it has no anti-inflammatory effect. Caffeine is a mild stimulant that helps reduce fatigue and enhances the painkilling effect of paracetamol.
How to use:
- Adults and Children over 16 years: As required, 8 tablets, maximum of 24 hours, the given dose should not be repeated more often than every 4 hours
- Children aged 12 to 15 years: As required, 4 tablets, maximum of 24 hours, the given dose should not be repeated more often than every 4 hours